The Legal Risk to Using Torrents

The world of peer to peer downloads is flourishing.  The technology has been around for years and although initially used to generally download copies of pirated software it is now used in the mainstream to distribute patches, software updates and all sorts of digital data.

binary-1327493_640-1

It is however still primarily used in the shady corners of the internet, simply because no one is specifically responsible for hosting the copyrighted material.  It’s why the huge torrent sites like the Pirate’s Bay have been able to defend themselves in court, they may enable the ability to download pirated copies of the latest movies but at no point do they host the offending files.  It takes advantage of the global confusion of internet law to provide a service which technically rarely directly breaches any laws.

There is a problem though for the users who download this content, because although the files are shared anonymously by thousands of users across the internet – it is individuals who actually download these files.   This is becoming the focus of copyright holders who are increasingly targeting the individuals who downloading the files, rather than the torrent sites which enable these downloads.

The reason is that using a BitTorrent client affords the user very little privacy, the reality is that it’s very easy to see the exact identity of who is downloading these illegal copies.  So the copyright holders can quickly obtain a huge list of people who have downloaded illegal copies of their content – which is a potential goldmine.  The reality is that all these people saving a few dollars from downloading rather than buying the latest DVD are risking a much larger fine issued directly or via a DCMA notice.   These torrents offer no privacy at all, and although it is possible to enable anonymous torrenting by using encryption and a VPN not many people take this option.

The idea many people have is that they are anonymous sitting at home at their computer screen which is unfortunately a long way from the truth.   The reality is that especially when using home internet connections that

  • They are easily identified.
  • What you do online is very visible.

Not only is this information available it’s also easily accessible to anyone with the right resources either commercially or legally.  People think that if they live in an open, democratic society their privacy will be respected online however that is simply not the case.  In the UK currently one of the biggest pieces of surveillance legislation is being implemented – dubbed the ‘snoopers charter’.

 

Further Reading

Netflix Blocking VPNs, James Williams, Weber Press, 2016

Essential Internet Tools – Smart DNS

The Domain Name System (DNS) is of course probably well known to anyone who regularly uses the internet.  It lies at the very core of the world wide web and it’s job is to resolve our friendly www addresses into IP addresses which computers can understand.   Of course you don’t need to know how it works, DNS will simply do it’s job in the background directing your browser to the correct location.

Watch BBC News Live

Many countries and governments do mess around with DNS however by ‘modifying’ the address lists in order to block or control access to specific sites.  Turkey even to this day regularly changes the addresses of popular social media sites when there’s unrest in the air, the goal is to stop people talking and organizing protests on these sites.   So if you try and visit Facebook you’ll instead be routed through to a Government owned web server instead.   It’s easily bypassed by using a DNS server not controlled by the Turkish State, but not everyone is able to do this.

So what’s Smart DNS?

This is the other side of the coin from the filters and censors who spoof or poison DNS tables, others have developed an intelligent version of the domain name system.   Instead of sitting passively and merely returning the IP addresses of requested web pages, Smart DNS will actually control some of the routing involved.

A typical example is for accessing region locked web sites like Netflix.  Normally when you visit Netflix you are directed to the version that is associated with your physical location, or given a ‘sorry message’ if there isn’t one. People have for years used VPNs and proxies to bypass this restriction by hiding their real addresses and accessing which ever version of Netflix they wish.  Smart DNS does the same but instead of routing your entire internet connection through a VPN server it simply waits to see when a region locked website like the BBC or Netflix is accessed.

When you do try and access such a site, the DNS server will route your connection through an appropriate server e.g a US server for US Netflix, a British one for the BBC iPlayer.  Many websites however don’t like this and you may have to search for a service which works for things like Netflix – read this article – Smart DNS Netflix for an illustration.

There is undoubtedly a technological battle going on all across the internet for control of what we can access.  On one side if we have the vast resources of governments, states and global companies who wish to control what we see for political, religious or financial reasons.   This is of course the side with huge resources like the Chinese Government who spend millions on their huge firewall for example.  Fortunately there are also thousands of individuals and small innovative companies on the other side developing VPN and proxy based systems like Smart DNS to bypass these blocks.   These ‘internet freedom fighters’ and their technical expertise are all that stand between a heavily censored and controlled internet – let’s hope they continue this great works.

The Demise of Moore’s Law

It could be said that Moore’s law has been on the critical list for some time. It is obviously not a natural law like that of gravity. After 50 years, it has become cultural shorthand for innovation itself. There may have been many times that it has been broken. It’s difficult to comprehend Moore’s Law. Although it’s generally agreed upon that Moore’s Law will gradually collapse, the precise time of collapse isn’t certain. Therefore, the Moore’s law, that’s followed today, was born.

Video Making Software

When you learn how to use established technology properly it is not only going to change your everyday living. however, it will allow it to be better and more exciting in means by which you never believed possible. Certainly, our entire industry came out of a number of the early comprehension of the quantum mechanics of a number of the materials. The computer industry is going to be faced with many challenges if it’s to keep the growth standard determined by the Moore’s Law. In July this past year, the business changed this strategy. Meanwhile, some companies for the very first time aren’t able to decrease the cost of each small transistor.

Lawyers learn specific abilities and how to effectively utilize them. Actually, the law is now a market standard and is frequently utilized to set long-term research and development targets. The government may not be trusted in these types of matters. It’s becoming harder and more difficult to get funding for extended term research, particularly for the pure science topics.

Some research is going on to learn more about the potential for applying a little voltage to alter the color of the vehicle as desired. More knowledge doesn’t necessarily imply infinite understanding. It’s hard to overstate the significance of Moore’s Law to the whole world. Maximizing the worth of a professional legal coach necessitates commitment. It can be agreed upon that great ethics is a required portion of everyday living.

Many of us are acquainted with Moore’s law. Over the previous 30 years there’s been a lengthy string of industry experts who have predicted the conclusion of Moore’s Law within five to ten decades,” he states. The same is true for microfluidic sensors, which may be used to do biological assays and environmental tests.

Nobody can take this period of time any more. It was also at this time which I embraced the idea of system computer software simulation as a portion of the plan process. The very good times wouldn’t go on indefinitely. To comprehend why, it’s far better return to the start. The conclusion of Moore’s law isn’t a technical issue, it is a financial issue, says Bottoms. The conclusion of Moore’s Law isn’t a new matter.

Jason Williams

Online Anonymity

 

Hottest July Ever – Global Warming Concerns

There’s a worrying attitude which you often hear about global warming, in which people try to downplay it’s effects.   The glib, well I could do with a bit more sun or the ‘well it’s always cold here’ type attitude is perhaps understandable in a local context when you’ve had a cold, dreary Summer but the world wide figures are extremely worrying.

drought_warning

The world has just has it’s hottest month since records began in 1880, it’s likely given the underlying trends go much further back than that.  Every year the world gets hotter and hotter, and the problems multiply on a global scale.   In countries like much of Europe, a few degrees change appears to have minimal effect on the surface, although even this is completely misleading.

However in countries with more extreme temperatures the problems escalate in scale rapidly.  In Iraq, the government has shut down for days at a time simply because of the heat – democracy can be effected by the weather.  In Kuwait, although shielded by some fantastic air conditioning units inside, step outside and feel the heat of a 54C sun (that’s 129F).  It’s a temperature which human beings simply can’t cope with but whole populations are being subjected to.

The problems are not all ways as straightforward as simply dealing with the direct effects of heat.  In Siberia rising temperatures have melted the permafrost releasing a strain of anthrax lying dormant in reindeer carcass for decades –  a deadly outbreak was started as a result of this thawing carcass.

All the trends suggest higher and higher temperatures, the concerns grow in all of the globe in different forms.  This is not the sort of instant cataclysmic event you might have watched on the big disaster movies, well at least I did until the Netflix blocking proxies thing.   It’s more a series of growing events from crop failures, to mass migrations or flooding and drought events linked to the rise in the temperatures.

Of course, we have always had temperature and weather fluctuations and sometimes it’s difficult to comprehend the scale of global warming whilst shivering in a cold August afternoon.  Yet all the evidence and trends points to a rise in temperatures, the results of which we are already seeing – look at the crop and farmers programmes on US Television for example or bypass BBC VPN block and watch the worldwide news and weather reports.

The evidence grows and yet the human race always finds ways to distract itself, political elections, Brexit or conflicts somewhere in the world.  The reality is that climate change will bring the world problems on a scale that dwarfs these issues.

The Famous Proton Radius Puzzle

The Rydberg constant as well as the proton radius are just two physical quantities which are strongly coupled to one another. The presence of the neutron should alter how electrons and muons perceive the control of the proton. Don’t forget, the muon and also the electron needs to be equivalent, and so there needs to be no difference. From that point, it’s possible to figure out the proton’s charge radius. Naturally it can’t be the deuteron any more in relation to the proton got two distinct sizes, says Antognini.

A deuteron is composed of proton and neutron. A deuteron is a rather simple atomic nucleus comprising no more than one proton and a single neutron that is, 1 each of both nuclear building blocks.

There’s one other method of longitude, however it is even more arbitrary. They might also utilize the deuteron charge radius to figure the proton radius. One particular possible explanation is the fact that the Rydberg constant that’s used to figure out the radii is incorrect. Here is the crucial signature of neutrino oscillations.  There’s more basic background to this concept in the BBC Horizon programmes which you should be able to access using a residential IP VPN or similar.

banner-1240822_640

They don’t annihilate one another. After satisfactory evaluation of the primary appointment, this may be extended for a total duration of a couple years.
In real life, but, the situation is a little more complicated. So now there are just two discrepancies, and they’re wholly unbiased, apart from staying calculated by exactly the same group, Pohl explained. The team thinks the discrepancy may not be in the brand new measurements, however in the previous ones.

There’s an overshoot and oscillation, etc., much enjoy a spinning top that’s bumped. As the extra heat isn’t observed, constraints can be gotten. This is actually the equivalent to being a tiny magnet.
To be able to reconcile the Schroedinger Equation together with the atom there’s need to locate a new model of atom. To learn more see the MUSE homepage. At this time, it’s vital to emphasize the calculations we’ve done here are based on the classical behavior of gravity.

If this’s the situation, then beams are somewhat more important because missiles could be dodged more easily. I need to know quantum mechanics, at the absolute minimum, solid state electronics. It’s worth taking a while to appreciate exactly how hard these measurements are.

So scientists may obtain their wish of being capable to find gluons precisely sufficient to finally settle the spin mystery. It’s still very open, and the sole thing which’s going to enable us to solve it’s new data. It isn’t an easy question to answer. The reason is the fact that, based on Eq. Other reason 3D1 state is not possible to occur is explained ahead.

An option is to try to create the electron move. That’s just below a quadrillionth of the metre, in the event you needed a reference point. That will have consequences for a lot of regions of physics and also would result in minimal corrections for other constants of nature. Accordingly, by considering the Standard Nuclear Physics is not possible to answer the puzzle.

John Collins

How to Unblock US Netflix in 2016

Ricardo’s Theory of Comparative Advantage

In the world of International trade, one fundamental theory has been around for literally centuries, the Theory of Comparative Trade offers a solution to the problem of maximizing world economic output.

The danger of tariffs for this particular argument is in the fact the wrong form of industries will probably be created. Ricardian theory of rent made an amazing revolution within the English economy throughout that time. This theory of comparative advantage was utilized as a way to promote absolutely free trade. There ought to be far reaching administrative reforms within the nation.

trend-1445464_640

Deficiency of capital is a significant obstacle within the way of financial development. The resources necessary for production are frequently combined with several other advantages that could be inherent in the nation of production. The significant risk in participatory planning is the fact that any failure within the implementation of the project leads to disinterest on the list of community which then shuts down any possibility of further participatory planning process together with the community. Despite the progress of these previous rounds, high tariffs haven’t disappeared entirely and non-tariff barriers continue to be widely used.

The firms couldn’t be expected to effectively service a foreign marketplace that is certainly significantly different from the domestic marketplace because the aptitude compete comes from experience within the house marketplace. As outlined before, farmers needed to find big or find out to stay informed about market trends. The industry info is not adequately supplied. On the opposite hand it is not as likely to gather much global small business expertise.

These marketplace imperfections cover the whole array of supply-and-demand-related principles of the industry. The industry position of the goods is just another comparative advantage for Coopers. Oil is the commodity that is certainly mostly used. I can’t supply any solution to governments.

In summary, over a course of time, there’s a constant stream of money into and from a country. Gradually there’s a possibility of further migration to the nation and because of this population may increase. So, increasing of population will raise the demand within the country. For accelerating the rate of financial development, there ought to be political stability within the nation.

The Tokyo Round made a great start at addressing quite a few nontariff barriers which have become more serious recently. They can be ignorant of the development happening inside their own country including within the world. To guarantee a flow of food into the country, land-poor countries might have to import food so as to develop their economy. According to capita income rises the complexity along with quality level of goods demanded by means of a nation’s residents also rises.

It’s something we’re also seeing in digital markets where you would expect to see a more open and fairer exchange system.  However artificial barriers are happening here to – region locking, blocks based on commercial or residential ip addresses and a myriad of other artificial barriers are being introduced to the internet.

Public participation implies the public’s contribution will help determine the decision. It may be regarded as a way of empowerment and as vital part of democratic governance. Agricultural trade is an alternative area where GATT rules either don’t apply or aren’t effective. If there was not any international trade, all countries would need to fulfill its own needs.

Otherwise there would not be any logical explanation concerning why one nation requires more units of labor to generate an unit of output than another nation. The balance of trade reflected in the present account could be the individual most vital factor in virtually any economy. Thus it is going to be able to generate the goods at a lowly cost by means of a labour intensive way of production. Thus the nation’s endowment determines the relative expenses of labor and capital when compared with other countries.

The exchange rate adjustment caused by inflation could possibly be explained further. Retaliation further lessens the volume of trade.

Some Interesting Results from Cryosat

The European Cryosat mission has been focussing on analysing the sea-ice cover in the Artic recently. New data has been produced from the spacecraft which uses it’s radar to estimate the thickness of the ices has noticed some alarming results. The data points at a very substantial reduction in the volume of the ice particularly during the months of Autumn.

In fact the amount has fallen nearly a third compared with the last known data on this, which was produced covering 2003-2008. The fall in levels for the winter months is not quite as dramatic however. Much of the loss seems to have occured in specific regions though, mainly on the Canada Archipelago and also some areas to the North of Greenland. We obviously have much more data about these levels since we had the technology of satellites to measure them, But the Cryosat report has only covered the last two years. At the moment it would be difficult to tell if these fluctuations are significant until there is enough data to look at the long term trends.

Cryosat was established by the European Space Agency in 2010. The satellite sends down a radar pulse towards the ice floes and then measure the results with a built in altimeter. If you are interested in seeing a paper discussing the findings in depth you can find them on this site – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50193/abstract, the report was compiled by Professor Lazon who unfortunately died in an accident at the beginning of the year.
The polar scientist is a big loss to the Cryosat mission as he has developed a lot of techniques to help the project work effectively. We still don’t know exactly how the change in the ice cover might have an effect on the atmosphere and the Artic ocean, but the Cryosat data will definitely play an important role in understanding this.

If you want to read more and keep up to date with this research there are lots of resources on the BBC website in the environmental section. Also many of the documentaries and reports are viewable on the BBC Iplayer application. Unfortunately you won’t be able to access these if you’re based outside the UK, although I found this useful method to allow me to watch Iplayer on my IPad. It uses a VPN server to hide your IP address so even when I’m based in the US, it looks like my IP address is originating from the UK.

China Launches New Satellite

China has launched an exciting development in the field of weather prediction – the Gaofen 1 satellite.  The satellite is classed as an Earth Observation device and has been launched by SASTIND – China’s State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence.  It is the very first satellite capable of broadcast high resolution pictures back to earth,

The device was actually developed by the Chinese Academy of Space Technology and the launch took place last Friday from the province of Gansu in  the North of the country. It was carried into orbit by a Long March rocket and there are great hopes for the satellite. It is hoped that it will provide numerous services for agriculture, disaster prevention and provide general environmental services to the scientific community. Particularly apt after the recent inclusion of China in the last Earth Hour.

China has suffered from many natural disasters in the last few years and it is hoped that Gaofen 1 will play an important role in initially predicting these events and also in monitoring events in progress. Many natural disaster cover huge areas especially things like floods and snowstorms, the satellite should be able to predict the extent of some of these events.

The Gaofen 1 can move very fast aswell so can be repositioned to cover different areas when needed.  Gaofen 1 is expected to be only the first in a series of these high resolution satellites that are launched.  In fact SASTIND are expected to launch about 5 more in the next three years or so.  These wll create a spation coverage and observation system across the country.

It is hoped that these satellites are only used for scientific and weather prediction purposes, although there is obviously a worry that their use is extended given the reputation for the regimes monitoring and controling it’s population.  Ironically many of the films of the launch were not accessible last week in China – with viewers receiving the message – that this youtube video not available in your country !  Fortunately most Chinese internet users are well used to this sort of filtering and  they are usually skilled in using security tools like proxies and VPNs to neatly sidestep these restrictions.